Average acceleration and intensity gradient of primary school children and associations with indicators of health and well-being.
a Movement Behaviours, Health, and Wellbeing Research Group, Department of Sport and Physical Activity , Edge Hill University , Ormskirk , UK.
b Department of Physical Education and Sports Sciences , University of Limerick , Limerick , Ireland.
c Diabetes Research Centre , University of Leicester, Leicester General Hospital , Leicester , UK.
d NIHR Leicester Biomedical Research Centre , UK.
e Alliance for Research in Exercise, Nutrition and Activity (ARENA), Sansom Institute for Health Research, Division of Health Sciences , University of South Australia , Adelaide , Australia.
f Physical Activity Exchange, Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences , Liverpool John Moores University , Liverpool , UK.
g Appetite and Obesity Research Group, Department of Psychological Sciences , University of Liverpool , Liverpool , UK.
- Published Article
Journal of Sports Sciences
Informa UK (Taylor & Francis)
- Publication Date
Sep 01, 2019
Average acceleration (AvAcc) and intensity gradient (IG) have been proposed as standardised metrics describing physical activity (PA) volume and intensity, respectively. We examined hypothesised between-group PA differences in AvAcc and IG, and their associations with health and well-being indicators in children. ActiGraph GT9X wrist accelerometers were worn for 24-h·d-1 over 7days by 145 children aged 9-10. Raw accelerations were averaged per 5-s epoch to represent AvAcc over 24-h. IG represented the relationship between log values for intensity and time. Moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) was estimated using youth cutpoints. BMI z-scores, waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak), Metabolic Syndrome risk (MetS score), and well-being were assessed cross-sectionally, and 8-weeks later. Hypothesised between-group differences were consistently observed for IG only (p < .001). AvAcc was strongly correlated with MVPA (r = 0.96), while moderate correlations were observed between IG and MVPA (r = 0.50) and AvAcc (r = 0.54). IG was significantly associated with health indicators, independent of AvAcc (p < .001). AvAcc was associated with well-being, independent of IG (p < .05). IG was significantly associated with WHtR (p < .01) and MetS score (p < .05) at 8-weeks follow-up. IG is sensitive as a gauge of PA intensity that is independent of total PA volume, and which relates to important health indicators in children.
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This record was last updated on 10/23/2019 and may not reflect the most current and accurate biomedical/scientific data available from NLM.
The corresponding record at NLM can be accessed at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31156048