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Avaliação na educação superior em enfermagem sob a ótica dialógica de Freire

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Abstract

This study aims to: understand the meaning of the evaluation of teaching and learning for students and teachers in a graduate course in nursing, the dialogic pedagogical perspective, critical and reflective, from the theoretical and methodological framework of Paulo Freire; to reflect together with students and teachers in a graduate course in nursing about the evaluation of the teaching and learning has been processed, and to establish guidelines for building and implementing an evaluation process of teaching and learning supported by the generative themes that emerged in the wheels of culture. It is a qualitative study of the participant type, guided by theoretical and methodological framework of Paulo Freire realized through the "Wheel of Culture", which occurred in a coordinated way during the fieldwork and were structured in four steps of the method: 1) Survey of generating themes, 2) Coding and 3) decoding, 4) Critical Unveiling of reality. Thematic Research was established in eleven Culture wheels, six wheels with the students and five with the teachers. The study subjects were eight students and eight teachers from an undergraduate course in Nursing in a Public University, located in southern part of Brazil. The investigation lasted four months and began in September 2009 after approval by the Ethics in Human Research (CEPSH) the Dean of Research and Extension Federal University of Santa Catarina, in the number of the Case 274/09 (FR-284026) and Certificate No. 259, and consent from participants. The data were summarized in field notes and diaries, through records audio-visual and photographic. To raise awareness and exploring the prior knowledge of the groups held some dynamics and some relaxation techniques (individual and collective dialogue, participant observation, readings of individual texts and groups) to subsidize the problems and reflective discussions. The investigation of the themes that emerges in the wheel of culture, in which the codification and de-codification stage where compiled, grouped and unveiled composing the macro-theme and sub-themes constructed together with participants to validate at the final process. By unveiling the themes and subthemes qualitative data analysis occurred concurrently with data process it was found that the results of the process with students and experienced teachers to reflect the contemporary thinking and dialogic conception of Freire. In this sense, considering the lines expressed by the subjects in the Wheels of Culture, it can be said that the problem today lies not only in understanding that exists about the extreme situations experienced by group participants in everyday life, but especially about the difficulties of debunking them and put them into practice, because working with the evaluation and dialogic perspective is liberating, too, an important process to experience the practice of action - reflection - action. Besides, both students and teachers have noticed and consciousness about the difficulties that exist and progress in the evaluation process, making possible the meaningful learning of both to be active in discussions on the evaluation of reflective teaching and learning, and especially about the possibility of transforming this process. They learn that, conscience critic is not construct through an intellectual work, but in practical # action and reflection, so that they can produce significant real directions and socially relevant. However, for students and teachers to build an evaluation practice, we stand for and believe it is essential that there is communication mediated dialogue process, as these will enable a way of expressing their needs, given the subjectivity and subjectivity of the evaluation. Thus, we conclude that despite the limitations of the study, the research thesis presented involves significant social and academic relevance, precisely, by extracting considerations and recommendations that would form two manuscripts related to the process experienced with the students and with teachers on the Wheels of Culture Research Thematic present in the thesis.

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