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Avaliação da resposta à quimiorradioterapia neoadjuvante em pacientes com adenocarcinomas retais

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Repositório Institucional UNESP
Keywords
  • Quimioterapia
  • Radioterapia
  • Reto - Câncer
  • Intestino Grosso - Câncer
  • Adenocarcinoma
  • Colorectal Cancer - Chemoradiotherapy
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Abstract

Colorectal cancer is the second most common cancer with 2,4 million people diagnosed. The rectal cancer (RC) is 27% of these cases. Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NCRT) has become standard but brought controversy in the adjuvant treatment. The objective was to assess the impact of Pathologic Complete Response (pCR). Furthermore, we investigated the influence of adjuvant chemotherapy (ADJC) after NCRT, biopsy and time between NCRT and surgery, and the absence of surgery after NCRT. Methods: Between mar/96 and Oct/2010, 84 patients received NCRT, and 58 patients underwent resection of the rectum. The NCRT consisted of 5- Fluorouracil (5-FU) and Leucovorin (LV) bolus in the 1st and 5th week of the 25 sessions of radiotherapy (RT) in linear accelerator (total 45 - 50 Gy). Biopsy was made according to the surgeon option after RT. Ideally surgery (Total mesorretal excision - TME) was performed after 8 weeks NCRT ends. Those not undergoing surgery, were followed too. When performed, Adjuvant Chemotherapy (ADJC) consisted of 5-FU and LV bolus on D1-D5 for 4 cycles. Evaluation of Overall Survival (O.S) and Disease-Free Survival (DFS) performed using Kaplan-Meier curve. Results: Of the 58 patients who underwent surgery, 90% were stage II, 51% occurred in the lower rectum, 66% were ECOG 1 and pCR was obtained in 25.8% (15) of patients (group 1). Of these, 20% (3) received ADJC. Patients without PCR (group 2) received ADJC in 51% of the cases (22). The mean follow-up was 41 months. Both the DFS (p = 0.024) and OS (p = 0.0488) were higher in patients with pPCR independent of the use of ADJC. Patients treated with ADJC vs without ADJC, independent of presence of pCR, did not alter DFS (p = 0.74) or OS (p = 0.32). In pCR patients, ADJC do not interfere in the outcome... (Complete abstract click electronic access below)

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