Bagasse and straw are residues from the industrial processing of sugarcane that constitute an important source for cogeneration of energy in the sugar-alcohol sector. The cogeneration systems in this sector generate mechanical or electrical power and steam, which are used in the process itself and the surplus is sold to energy distribution companies. However, these systems are well below real potential. One of the technological alternatives that may improve the supply of surplus electricity is the introduction of BIG-GT technology (biomass gasifier associated with gas turbine and Heat recovery steam generator). In this work, it is proposed to conduct thermoeconomic studies of the incorporation of this technology in the sugarcane ethanol plants as an alternative to increasing the supply of electricity generation. The energetic and exergetic analyses were performed for four possible configurations of a sugarcane ethanol plant with the integration of BIG-GT technology with the objective of evaluating the efficiency of electricity generation and process steam as well as the global energy utilization of each one of them. In the thermoeconomic analysis, it is determined the cost of production of producer gas, electricity and steam of the process in the proposed system, as well as the investment payback period. In the final part of the work, it is developed the multiobjective optimization of the system considering three objective functions: technological, thermoeconomic and environmental, for identifying the configuration with better behavior. According to the results obtained in the study, it is concluded that case III and case IV are presented as the best of the proposed options.