Affordable Access

[Autoimmune polyglandular syndromes].

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Der Internist
Publication Date
Volume
46
Issue
7
Pages
750–758
Identifiers
PMID: 15947901
Source
Medline

Abstract

Autoimmune polyglandular syndromes are rare autoimmune endocrinopathies, which can be also associated with non endocrine autoimmune diseases. The autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type I (autoimmune polyendocrinopathy-candidiasis ectodermal dystrophy; APECED) is distinguished from autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 2 (APS-2). Main symptoms of APECED are adrenal insufficiency, hypoparathyroidism and candidiasis. The diagnosis is established when two out of three of these symptoms are present. APECED is associated with mutations of the autoimmune regulator gene (AIRE) and predominantly affects juvenile patients with a family background from Sardinia, Finland and Iranian Jews. The APS-2 is not AIRE associated. It is characterized by the presence of autoimmune thyroid disease, adrenal insufficiency and/or diabetes mellitus type I. APS-2 is more common than APECED and mainly affects adult women without any preference of a certain ethnic group. Therapy consists of hormone replacement therapy and treatment of clinical symptoms. In some APECED patients immunosuppressive therapy seems to be promising.

There are no comments yet on this publication. Be the first to share your thoughts.

Statistics

Seen <100 times
0 Comments
F