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Authoritarianism Beyond Disposition: A Literature Review of Research on Contextual Antecedents

Authors
  • Schnelle, Caroline
  • Baier, Dirk
  • Hadjar, Andreas
  • Boehnke, Klaus
Publication Date
Jun 01, 2021
Source
ORBilu
Keywords
Language
English
License
Green
External links

Abstract

A core debate in authoritarianism research relates to the stability of authoritarianism, i.e., whether it is a dispositional phenomenon socialized in early childhood or even genetically predisposed, or whether it is impacted by time-sensitive, exterior conditions. Whereas certain individual authoritarian tendencies emerge as a rather stable personality trait, there is also empirical evidence for a dynamic influence of external factors. This review article provides a conceptual multilevel framework for the study of authoritarianism and offers an insight into the state-of-research on socialization and situational influences, with a particular focus on threat. Findings are discussed with regard to key theories of authoritarianism.

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