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Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms and happiness among adults in the general population.

Authors
  • Stickley, Andrew1
  • Koyanagi, Ai2
  • Takahashi, Hidetoshi3
  • Ruchkin, Vladislav4
  • Inoue, Yosuke5
  • Yazawa, Aki6
  • Kamio, Yoko3
  • 1 Department of Child and Adolescent Mental Health, National Institute of Mental Health, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry (NCNP), 4-1-1 Ogawahigashi, Kodaira, Tokyo 187-8553, Japan; The Stockholm Center for Health and Social Change (SCOHOST), Södertörn University, Huddinge 141 89, Sweden. Electronic address: [email protected] , (Japan)
  • 2 Parc Sanitari Sant Joan de Déu, Universitat de Barcelona, Fundació Sant Joan de Déu, Dr Antoni Pujadas, 42, Sant Boi de Llobregat, Barcelona 08830, Spain; Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Salud Mental, CIBERSAM, Monforte de Lemos 3-5 Pabellón 11, Madrid 28029, Spain. , (Spain)
  • 3 Department of Child and Adolescent Mental Health, National Institute of Mental Health, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry (NCNP), 4-1-1 Ogawahigashi, Kodaira, Tokyo 187-8553, Japan. , (Japan)
  • 4 Child Study Center, Yale University Medical School, New Haven, CT 06520, USA; Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Division of Neuroscience, Uppsala University, Uppsala S-751 85, Sweden. , (Sweden)
  • 5 Carolina Population Center, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 137 East Franklin St, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA.
  • 6 Research Center for Child Mental Development, University of Fukui, Fukui 910-1193, Japan. , (Japan)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Psychiatry research
Publication Date
Jul 01, 2018
Volume
265
Pages
317–323
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.psychres.2018.05.004
PMID: 29778053
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Despite an increasing focus on the role of mood and emotions in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), as yet, there has been comparatively little research on positive emotions. To address this research gap, the current study examined the association between ADHD symptoms and happiness using data from the 2007 Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey. The analytic sample comprised 7274 adults aged 18 and above residing in private households in England. Information was collected on ADHD symptoms using the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS) Screener, while happiness was assessed with a single (3-point) measure. Multivariable ordinal logistic regression analysis and a mediation analysis were performed to examine associations. Greater ADHD symptom severity was associated with higher odds for feeling less happy. Mood instability (percentage mediated 37.1%), anxiety disorder (35.6%) and depression (29.9%) were all important mediators of the association between ADHD and happiness. Given that happiness has been linked to a number of beneficial outcomes, the results of this study highlight the importance of diagnosing ADHD in adults and also of screening for and treating any comorbid psychiatric disorders in these individuals.

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