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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Parental Factors in School Children Aged Nine to Ten Years in Muscat, Oman.

Authors
  • Al-Ghannami, Samia S1, 2
  • Al-Adawi, Samir3
  • Ghebremeskel, Kebreab1
  • Cramer, Mathias T3
  • Hussein, Izzeldin S4
  • Min, Yoeju1
  • Jeyaseelan, Lakshmanan5
  • Al-Sibani, Nasser3
  • Al-Shammakhi, Saleh M2
  • Al-Mamari, Fatma2
  • Dorvlo, Atsu S S6
  • 1 Lipidomics and Nutrition Research Centre, School of Human Sciences, London Metropolitan University, London, UK.
  • 2 Department of Nutrition, Ministry of Health, Muscat, Oman. , (Oman)
  • 3 Department of Behavioural Medicine, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sultan Qaboos.
  • 4 Nutrition Department, UNICEF Oman, Eastern Mediterranean Region / Middle East and North Africa. , (Oman)
  • 5 Department of Statistics and Health Information, Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman. , (Oman)
  • 6 Department of Basic Sciences, School of Basic and Biomedical Sciences, University of Health and Allied Sciences, HO Volta Region, Ghana. , (Ghana)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Oman medical journal
Publication Date
May 01, 2018
Volume
33
Issue
3
Pages
193–199
Identifiers
DOI: 10.5001/omj.2018.37
PMID: 29896326
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and specific parental risk factors that may contribute to the development of ADHD in children. The study was conducted in Oman among fourth-grade students (aged nine to 10 years). A standardized Arabic version of the National Initiative for Children's Health Quality Vanderbilt Assessment Scale (Teachers questionnaire) was used to determine the presence of ADHD. Parental factors such as socioeconomic status, education, and occupation were documented. The prevalence rate of ADHD was 8.8%. Poor maternal education status, low familial socioeconomic status, and paternal occupation were significantly associated with an increased risk of ADHD. This was the first study that examined familial and parental characteristics of children with ADHD as potential risk factors for the condition. Such psychosocial factors could be employed to further the development of more proficient preventative measures and remedial services.

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