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Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children is found to be related to the occurrence of ADHD in siblings and the male gender, but not to birth order, when compared to healthy controls.

Authors
  • Keshavarzi, Zahra
  • Bajoghli, Hafez
  • Mohamadi, Mohammad Reza
  • Holsboer-Trachsler, Edith
  • Brand, Serge
Type
Published Article
Journal
International journal of psychiatry in clinical practice
Publication Date
Oct 01, 2014
Volume
18
Issue
4
Pages
272–279
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3109/13651501.2014.957704
PMID: 25152020
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Compared to controls, the occurrence of ADHD was found to be related to the male gender and to the occurrence of ADHD-related symptoms in siblings (odds ratio: 13.50). Birth order and MR were not associated with the occurrence of ADHD and ADHD-related symptoms. ADHD- related symptoms increased if a further sibling also suffered from ADHD. Conclusions. Among a sample of Iranian children suffering from ADHD, the ADHD and ADHD-related symptoms in childhood were found to be related to the male gender and to the occurrence of ADHD in siblings. Moreover, birth order was found to be unrelated. The fact that symptoms of ADHD-related symptoms increased if a further sibling was suffering from ADHD, and decreased if a further sibling was suffering from MR, is intriguing and needs further explanation.

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