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Attachment of Trypanosoma cruzi epimastigotes to hydrophobic substrates and use of this property to separate stages and promote metacyclogenesis.

Authors
  • Kleffmann, T
  • Schmidt, J
  • Schaub, G A
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Journal of eukaryotic microbiology
Publication Date
Jan 01, 1998
Volume
45
Issue
5
Pages
548–555
Identifiers
PMID: 9783457
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

In vivo, epimastigotes of Trypanosoma cruzi colonize a lipidic superficial layer of the rectal cuticle of the vector Triatoma infestans. In vitro, epimastigotes of four cultured strains and one strain from reduviids use a terminal area of the flagellum to attach to a variety of artificial hydrophobic substances, such as hydrocarbons and a range of synthetic plastics. Trypomastigotes did not attach to these substrates. Hydrophilic molecules, such as neutral or negatively charged polysaccharides, did not facilitate binding. Epimastigotes and trypomastigotes were artificially bound by electrostatic forces to positively charged chitosan or DEAE-Sephacel over their entire surface. Tween 20 and lipid-binding serum albumin effectively inhibited the hydrophobic attachment. Based on this hydrophobic interaction of epimastigotes, a new chromatography technique has been devised to gently separate trypomastigotes from epimastigotes using octacosane-coated beads. Furthermore, the in vitro transformation of epimastigotes to trypomastigotes was enhanced if epimastigotes were permitted to attach to hydrophobic, wax-coated culture vessels.

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