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The Attachment Dynamic: Dyadic Patterns of Anxiety and Avoidance in Relationship Functioning.

Authors
  • Rodriguez, Lindsey M1
  • Coy, Anthony1
  • Hadden, Benjamin W2
  • 1 University of South Florida, USA.
  • 2 Facebook Corporation, USA.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of social and personal relationships
Publication Date
Mar 01, 2021
Volume
38
Issue
3
Pages
971–994
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/0265407520975858
PMID: 34366536
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Whereas attachment dimensions (i.e., anxiety and avoidance) are generally associated with lower levels of relationship evaluations (e.g., satisfaction, commitment), research has not yet fully incorporated how partner attachment is related to these evaluations, nor how dyadic patterns (actor × partner attachment interactions) are associated with evaluations. Across two dyadic studies (N = 185, 123 dyads), we examine how actor, partner, and actor × partner interactions of attachment anxiety and avoidance are associated with reports of trust, satisfaction, and commitment. Results generally revealed that actor effects of attachment anxiety on lower relationship evaluations were weaker when partners were more anxious and stronger when partners were more avoidant. Moreover, actor effects of attachment avoidance on lower trust and satisfaction were stronger when partners were more anxious. Finally, own avoidance was more strongly negatively related to commitment in the presence of a more avoidant partner. These results suggest that the combination of attachment within relationships is important to consider for both close relationships researchers and clinicians.

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