We observed a low incidence of humeral head involvement in the osteonecrosis patient cohort (7% of all osteonecrosis patients), and a high incidence of corticosteroid use (82%). hip involvement (81%), and bilateral disease (74%). Osteonecrosis of the humeral head should be suspected in patients presenting with shoulder pain and a history of osteonecrosis in other joints. Hip screening for osteonecrosis is advocated in patients with shoulder involvement. Early detection of shoulder osteonecrosis may permit a more conservative, joint-sparing approach as an alternative to surgical management.