ATP has long been known to play a central role in the energetics of cells both in transduction mechanisms and in metabolic pathways, and is involved in regulation of enzyme, channel and receptor activities. Numerous ATP analogues have been synthesised to probe the role of ATP in biosystems (Yount, 1975; Jameson and Eccleston, 1997; Bagshaw, 1998). In general, two contrasting strategies are employed. Modifications may be introduced deliberately to change the properties of ATP (e.g. making it non-hydrolysable) so as to perturb the chemical steps involved in its action. Typically these involve modification of the phosphate chain. Alternatively, derivatives (e.g. fluorescent probes) are designed to report on the action of ATP but have a minimal effect on its properties. ATP-utilising systems vary enormously in their specificity; so what acts as a good analogue in one case may be very poor in another. The accompanying poster shows a representative selection of derivatives that have been synthesised and summarises their key properties.