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Athletes with disability' satisfaction with sport wheelchairs: an Italian cross sectional study.

Authors
  • Berardi, Anna1
  • Galeoto, Giovanni2
  • Lucibello, Luca3
  • Panuccio, Francescaroberta4
  • Valente, Donatella1
  • Tofani, Marco5
  • 1 Department of Human Neurosciences, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy. , (Italy)
  • 2 Department of Public Health and Infectious Diseases, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy. , (Italy)
  • 3 Department of Research and Innovation, ITOP Officine Ortopediche, Palestrina, Italy. , (Italy)
  • 4 Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy. , (Italy)
  • 5 Neurorehabilitation Unit, Department of Neurosciences and Neurorehabilitation, Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital IRCCS, Vatican City, Italy. , (Italy)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Disability and rehabilitation. Assistive technology
Publication Date
May 01, 2021
Volume
16
Issue
4
Pages
420–424
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1080/17483107.2020.1800114
PMID: 32730722
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Physical activity is essential for health and well-being. People with physical disability often experience barriers in performing sports due to the lack of appropriate assistive technologies. The present research aimed to investigate athletes with disability satisfaction when using sports wheelchairs and to explore clinometric properties of the Quebec User Evaluation of Satisfaction with Assistive Technology (QUEST). One hundred and twenty-eight athletes were involved in the present study. Data on sport discipline and wheelchair provision were collected with qualitative approach. Internal consistency and reliability of QUEST were respectively analyzed with Cronbach's Alpha and Intraclass Correlation Coefficient. Validity was investigated with the correlation of the Wheelchair Use Confidence Scale for Manual users. Results revealed good internal consistency (.858) and moderate inter-rater reliability for service subscale (.664) and for the total score (.675), while for device subscale (.802) reliability was high. Validity revealed moderate correlation (.300) with a p < 0.05. Qualitative analysis highlighted economic barriers as primary social determinant who affect participation in sport activities. The present study confirms preliminary evidence of the QUEST for athletes with disability. The research group also recommends an international effort to promote a comprehensive evaluation of sports wheelchair involving rehabilitation professionals, sport technicians and people with disability.Implications for rehabilitationEconomic factors linked to the purchase of a wheelchair seem being the main barrier for practising sportThe Quebec User Evaluation of Satisfaction with Assistive Technology is a useful tool to measure athletes' satisfaction using a wheelchairRehabilitation professionals and sport technicians should collaborate together with people with disability in determining how choose appropriate sport wheelchairs.

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