BackgroundThis study aimed to complement previous studies on the risk of herpes zoster in the asthmatic adult population.MethodsThe Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service—National Sample Cohort (HIRA-NSC) from 2002 through 2013 was used. A total of 64,152 participants with herpes zoster were matched for age, sex, income, region of residence, hypertension, diabetes, and dyslipidemia with 239,780 participants who were included as a control group. In both the herpes zoster and control groups, previous history of asthma were investigated. The crude and adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) of asthma for herpes zoster were analyzed using unconditional logistic regression analysis. Subgroup analyses were conducted according to age and sex.ResultsApproximately 16.2% (9728/59,945) and 12.8% (30,752/239,780) of participants in the herpes zoster and control groups, respectively, had a previous history of asthma (P < 0.001). The herpes zoster group demonstrated a 1.32-times higher odds of asthma than the control group (95% CI 1.28–1.35, P < 0.001). The increased odds of asthma in the herpes zoster group persisted in all the age and sex subgroups.ConclusionsThe odds for asthma were higher in the herpes zoster group.