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Associations Between Planned Exercise, Walking, Incidental Physical Activity, and Habit Strength in Older People: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Authors
  • Andrews, Sophie C1, 2, 3
  • Parekh, Dinaz1, 2
  • Brady, Brooke1, 2, 3
  • Delbaere, Kim1, 3, 4
  • Hamidul Huque, Md1, 2, 3
  • Killcross, Simon2, 3
  • Anstey, Kaarin J1, 2, 3
  • 1 Neuroscience Research Australia, Sydney, NSW,Australia. , (Australia)
  • 2 School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW,Australia. , (Australia)
  • 3 UNSW Ageing Futures Institute, Sydney, NSW,Australia. , (Australia)
  • 4 School of Population Health, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW,Australia. , (Australia)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of aging and physical activity
Publication Date
Oct 01, 2022
Volume
30
Issue
5
Pages
813–823
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1123/japa.2021-0284
PMID: 34929661
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Habits play an important role in physical activity (PA) engagement; however, these associations in older people are not well understood. The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between engagement in types of PA and their automaticity in older people, using an observational, cross-sectional design. Current hours engaged in planned exercise (excluding walking), planned walking, and incidental activities and the automaticity of those PA behaviors were measured in 127 community-dwelling Australians aged 65 years and older via an online questionnaire. After controlling for demographic and health factors (age, gender, education level, body mass index, history of falls, and anxiety and depression symptoms), higher automaticity scores were associated with more hours undertaking planned walking and incidental activity but not planned exercise. Although preliminary, these findings indicate that the role of habit in maintaining PA in older people may, therefore, differ depending on the type of activity.

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