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Associations between family and home-related factors and child's snack consumption in a multi-ethnic population.

Authors
  • van Grieken, Amy1
  • Wang, Lu1
  • van de Gaar, Vivian M1
  • Jansen, Wilma1, 2
  • Raat, Hein1
  • 1 Department of Public Health, Erasmus University Medical Center, CA Rotterdam, the Netherlands. , (Netherlands)
  • 2 Department of Social Development, City of Rotterdam, Rotterdam, the Netherlands. , (Netherlands)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of public health (Oxford, England)
Publication Date
Sep 30, 2019
Volume
41
Issue
3
Pages
430–438
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1093/pubmed/fdy124
PMID: 30020495
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Energy-dense snacks are considered unhealthy due to their high concentrations of fat and sugar and low concentrations of micronutrients. The present study aimed to evaluate associations between family and home-related factors and children's snack consumption. We explored associations within subgroups based on ethnic background of the child. Cross-sectional data of 644 primary school children (mean age: 9.4 years, 53% girls) from the population-based 'Water Campaign' study conducted in the Netherlands were used. Logistic regression analyses were used to evaluate the associations between family and home-related factors and child's snack intake. Of the children, 28.7% consumed more than one snack per day. Children of parents who expressed more restrictive parenting practices towards the child's snack consumption (odds ratio (OR) = 2.5, P < 0.001), and who modelled snack eating less often (OR = 2.2, P < 0.001) had lower snack intake. Restrictive parenting practices and parental modelling of healthy snacking were significant for children with a Dutch or Moroccan/Turkish ethnic background, but not for children with a Surinamese/Antillean ethnic background. We observed that parenting practices and parental modelling were independently associated with the child's snack intake. Also, the relationships between these factors and the child's snack consumption differed for children with distinct ethnic backgrounds. © The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Faculty of Public Health. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: [email protected]

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