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Association between vitamin deficiency and metabolic disorders related to obesity.

Authors
  • Thomas-Valdés, Samanta1
  • Tostes, Maria das Graças V2
  • Anunciação, Pamella C3
  • da Silva, Bárbara P3
  • Sant'Ana, Helena M Pinheiro3
Type
Published Article
Journal
Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Publisher
Informa UK (Taylor & Francis)
Publication Date
Oct 12, 2017
Volume
57
Issue
15
Pages
3332–3343
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1080/10408398.2015.1117413
PMID: 26745150
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Inappropriate food behavior contributes to obesity and leads to vitamin deficiency. This review discusses the nutritional status of water- and fat-soluble vitamins in obese subjects. We verified that most vitamins are deficient in obese individuals, especially the fat-soluble vitamins, folic acid, vitamin B12 and vitamin C. However, some vitamins have been less evaluated in cases of obesity. The adipose tissue is considered a metabolic and endocrine organ, which in excess leads to changes in body homeostasis, as well as vitamin deficiency which can aggravate the pathological state. Therefore, the evaluation of vitamin status is of fundamental importance in obese individuals.

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