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Association of Subjective and Objective Measures of Sleep With Gut Microbiota Composition and Diversity in Older Men: The Osteoporotic Fractures in Men Study.

  • Estaki, Mehrbod
  • Langsetmo, Lisa
  • Shardell, Michelle
  • Mischel, Anna
  • Jiang, Lingjing
  • Zhong, Yuan
  • Kaufmann, Christopher
  • Kado, Deborah
  • Knight, Robin
  • Stone, Katie
Publication Date
Oct 09, 2023
eScholarship - University of California
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BACKGROUND: Growing evidence suggests bidirectional links between gut microbiota and sleep quality as shared contributors to health. Little is known about the relationship between microbiota and sleep among older persons. METHODS: We used 16S rRNA sequencing to characterize stool microbiota among men (n = 606, mean [standard deviation] age = 83.9 [3.8]) enrolled in the Osteoporotic Fractures in Men (MrOS) study from 2014 to 2016. Sleep was assessed concurrently by a questionnaire (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality index [PSQI]), and activity monitor to examine timing (acrophase) and regularity of patterns (F-statistic). Alpha diversity was measured using Faiths phylogenetic diversity (PD). Beta diversity was calculated with robust Aitchison distance with matrix completion (RPCA) and phylogenetic-RPCA (PRPCA). Their association with sleep variables was tested with partial distance-based redundancy analysis (dbRDA). Predictive-ratio biomarkers associated with sleep measurements were identified with CoDaCoRe. RESULTS: In unadjusted analyses, men with poor sleep (PSQI >5) tended to have lower alpha diversity compared to men with normal sleep (Faiths PD, beta = -0.15; 95% confidence interval [CI]: -0.30 to 0.01, p = .06). Sleep regularity was significantly associated with RPCA and PRPCA, even after adjusting for site, batch, age, ethnicity, body mass index, diabetes, antidepressant and sleep medication use, and health behaviors (RPCA/PRPCA dbRDA; p = .033/.002). In taxonomic analysis, ratios of 7:6 bacteria for better regularity (p = .0004) and 4:7 for worse self-reported sleep (p = .005) were differentially abundant: some butyrate-producing bacteria were associated with better sleep characteristics. CONCLUSIONS: Subjective and objective indicators of sleep quality suggest that older men with better sleep patterns are more likely to harbor butyrate-producing bacteria associated with better health.

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