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Association of hydrogen metabolism with unitrophic or mixotrophic growth of Methanosarcina barkeri on carbon monoxide.

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Abstract

Methanosarcina barkeri was adapted to grow on carbon monoxide by sequential transfer of the culture in medium that contained CO (100% of culture headspace). These experiments document the ability of the organism to grow slowly (65-h doubling time) and to produce methane and CO2 either on CO as the sole carbon and energy source or by the simultaneous consumption of methanol and CO. During growth on CO as carbon and energy source, net hydrogen formation occurred when the CO partial pressure in the culture headspace was greater than 20% CO, but hydrogen was consumed when the CO concentration was below this value.

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