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The association of firearm laws with firearm outcomes among children and adolescents: a scoping review

Authors
  • Zeoli, April M.1, 2
  • Goldstick, Jason2, 3
  • Mauri, Amanda2, 4
  • Wallin, Mikaela1, 2
  • Goyal, Monika2, 5
  • Cunningham, Rebecca2, 3
  • 1 Michigan State University, School of Criminal Justice, 655 Auditorium Road, East Lansing, MI, 48824, USA , East Lansing (United States)
  • 2 University of Michigan School of Medicine, Firearm Safety Among Children and Teens Consortium, 1500 East Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA , Ann Arbor (United States)
  • 3 University of Michigan School of Medicine, Department of Emergency Medicine, 1500 East Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA , Ann Arbor (United States)
  • 4 University of Michigan School of Public Health, Department of Health Management and Policy, Ann Arbor, MI, USA , Ann Arbor (United States)
  • 5 The George Washington University, Children’s National Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA , Washington (United States)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Publisher
Springer US
Publication Date
Aug 01, 2019
Volume
42
Issue
4
Pages
741–762
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s10865-019-00063-y
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

We conducted a scoping review to determine the current state of knowledge and areas for advancements in research on the association of firearm laws with child and adolescent firearm-related outcomes. We queried Scopus, EMBASE, Pubmed, and CJ Abstracts for English language original empirical research articles on policies affecting child and adolescent firearm-related outcomes published between January 1, 1985 and July 1, 2018. Data were abstracted, and methodologic quality assessed. Twenty articles met inclusion criteria. Among the policies studied were child access prevention laws (12 studies) and minimum age restrictions for firearm purchase and possession (4 studies). Outside of child access prevention laws, which are associated with reductions in child and adolescent unintentional and firearm suicide deaths, there is, at best, equivocal evidence of policy effects. This area is understudied, particularly in regard to nonfatal firearm injuries, for which the lack of a national surveillance system hampers research efforts. Further rigorous firearm policy evaluations are needed.

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