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The Association of Children and Their Educational Attainment With Diabetes-related Complications and Mortality Among Older Adults With Type 2 Diabetes: A Nationwide Cohort Study.

Authors
  • Larsen, Emma Neble1
  • Brünnich Sloth, Mathilde Marie1
  • Nielsen, Jannie2
  • Osler, Merete3
  • Jørgensen, Terese Sara Høj4
  • 1 Section of Social Medicine, Department of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark; Center for Clinical Research and Prevention, Copenhagen University Hospital - Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg, Copenhagen, Denmark. , (Denmark)
  • 2 Section of Social Medicine, Department of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark. , (Denmark)
  • 3 Center for Clinical Research and Prevention, Copenhagen University Hospital - Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg, Copenhagen, Denmark; Section of Epidemiology, Department of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark. , (Denmark)
  • 4 Section of Social Medicine, Department of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark; Center for Clinical Research and Prevention, Copenhagen University Hospital - Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg, Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address: [email protected]. , (Denmark)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Canadian journal of diabetes
Publication Date
Dec 01, 2023
Volume
47
Issue
8
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.jcjd.2023.07.004
PMID: 37460085
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Socioeconomic resources and family support have been shown to improve adherence to treatment in people with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and are associated with a lower risk of diabetes-related complications and death. We investigated the associations of having children and their educational level with diabetes-related complications and death among older adults with T2D. We included 74,588 adults who were at least 65 years of age at the time of T2D diagnosis over the period from 2000 to 2018 in Denmark and grouped them based on having children (yes [reference]/no), and their children's highest educational level (low/medium/high [reference]). Multistate models were performed with 3 states: T2D diagnosis, diabetes-related complications, and death. All models were stratified by other chronic diseases at baseline (yes/no). During follow-up (mean, 5.5 years), 14.6% of the adults developed a complication and 24.8% died with or without complications. Not having children was associated with a higher hazard of death without complications among adults without (hazard ratio [HR], 1.25; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.17 to 1.33) and with (HR, 1.10; 95% CI, 1.02 to 1.18) other chronic diseases and after complications among adults without other chronic diseases (HR, 1.25; 95% CI, 1.12 to 1.38). Having children with a lower educational level was associated with a higher hazard of complications (HRlow, 1.14; 95% CI, 1.05 to 1.24; HRmedium, 1.11; 95% CI, 1.05 to 1.17), death without complications (HRlow, 1.26; 95% CI, 1.17 to 1.36; HRmedium, 1.07; 95% CI, 1.02 to 1.14), and after complications (HRlow, 1.22; 95% CI, 1.07 to 1.39) among adults without other chronic diseases. Among adults without other chronic diseases, having no children or having children with lower educational levels was associated with a higher hazard of death. Among these adults, having children with lower educational levels was also associated with a higher hazard of diabetes-related complications. Copyright © 2023 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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