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An association between successful vaccination against the bovine nodular worm, Oesophagostomum radiatum and induction of eosinophilia.

Authors
  • East, I J
Type
Published Article
Journal
Immunology and cell biology
Publication Date
Aug 01, 1994
Volume
72
Issue
4
Pages
333–337
Identifiers
PMID: 7806267
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Immunization of 48 cattle with somatic antigen extracts of the nodular worm, Oesophagostomum radiatum, reduced faecal egg counts (FEC) by 51% and worm burden by 47%. The antibody titre of each animal was correlated to both worm burden (r = -0.40, P < 0.005) and FEC (r = -0.37, P < 0.01). The vaccinated cattle showed wide variation in their response to vaccination with worm burdens after challenge infection varying from 0 to 4060. Of these 48 vaccinated animals, eight developed sterile immunity (worm burden = 0, FEC = 0) whereas a further 10 had no protective response to immunization (worm burden > 1,000, FEC > 100). A comparison of these two sub-groups showed that the group with sterile immunity had a higher antibody titre (P < 0.05). In addition, the group with sterile immunity developed a blood eosinophilia between 21 and 29 days after challenge infection. Vaccinated, unprotected calves and control, unvaccinated calves did not develop eosinophilia.

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