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Association between lipid profiles and arterial stiffness: A secondary analysis based on a cross-sectional study

Authors
  • Wang, Long1, 2
  • Zhi, Fu3, 4
  • Gao, Beibei1
  • Ni, Jie5
  • Liu, Yihai5
  • Mo, Xuming3
  • Huang, Jinyu1
  • 1 Department of Cardiology, Affiliated Hangzhou First People's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China
  • 2 Center for Translational Medicine, Key Laboratory of Clinical Cancer Pharmacology and Toxicology Research of Zhejiang Province, Affiliated Hangzhou First People's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China
  • 3 Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Children's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, 72 Guangzhou Road, Nanjing, China
  • 4 Department of Thoracic Surgery, Huai'an First People's Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Huai'an, China
  • 5 Department of Cardiology, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital Clinical College of Nanjing Medical University. Zhongshan Road 321, Nanjing, China
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Journal of International Medical Research
Publisher
SAGE Publications
Publication Date
Jul 24, 2020
Volume
48
Issue
7
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/0300060520938188
PMID: 32705926
PMCID: PMC7383716
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Objectives The relationship between lipid levels and arterial stiffness remains controversial. Therefore, we aimed to determine the relationship between lipid profiles and brachial–ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) as an indicator of arterial stiffness. Methods A total of 909 participants aged 24 to 84 years were stratified into four baPWV quartiles in our study. Serum lipids, baPWV, and other variables of the participants were measured. Univariable and multivariable linear regression analyses were used to examine the relationships between lipid parameters and baPWV. Results The highest baPWV quartile group had higher aspartate transaminase, alanine aminotransferase, plasma glucose, total cholesterol, triglyceride (TG), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels and maximum ankle–brachial index, and lower high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels and estimated glomerular filtration rate. Univariate regression analysis showed that total cholesterol, TG, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels were positively related and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels were negatively related to baPWV. After adjusting for age, body mass index, smoking status, aspartate transaminase, alanine aminotransferase, plasma glucose, and estimated glomerular filtration rate, only TG levels were correlated with baPWV (β = 0.075). Conclusions Four lipid variates are associated with arterial stiffness, and TG levels are positively related to arterial stiffness, independent of cardiovascular risks and liver function.

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