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Association Between Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Viral Infections

Authors
  • Dehghani, Tannaz
  • Gholizadeh, Omid
  • Daneshvar, Maziar
  • Nemati, Mohammad Mahdi
  • Akbarzadeh, Sama
  • Amini, Parya
  • Afkhami, Hamed
  • Kohansal, Maryam
  • Javanmard, Zahra
  • Poortahmasebi, Vahdat
Type
Published Article
Journal
Current Microbiology
Publisher
Springer US
Publication Date
Apr 27, 2023
Volume
80
Issue
6
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s00284-023-03305-0
PMID: 37106245
PMCID: PMC10139670
Source
PubMed Central
Disciplines
  • Review Article
License
Unknown

Abstract

Chronic inflammatory gastrointestinal diseases such as Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) are known as inflammatory bowel disorders (IBD). Patients with inflammatory bowel illnesses are more susceptible to viral infections. In people with IBD, viral infections have emerged as a significant issue. Viral infections are often difficult to identify and have a high morbidity and fatality rate. We reviewed studies on viral infections and IBD, concentrating on Cytomegalovirus (CMV), SARS-CoV-2, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), enteric viruses, and hepatitis B virus (HBV). Also, the effect of IBD on these viral infections is discussed. These data suggest that patients with IBD are more likely to get viral infections. As a result, practitioners should be aware of the increased risk of viral infections in inflammatory bowel disease patients.

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