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Association of aminothiols with the clinical outcome in hemodialysis patients: comparison of chromatography and immunoassay for homocysteine determination

Authors
  • Badiou, Stéphanie
  • Terrier, Nathalie
  • Jaussent, Isabelle
  • Naudin, Estelle
  • Maurice, François
  • Dupuy, Anne-Marie
  • Leray-Moragues, Hélène
  • Rivory, Jean-Pierre
  • Delcourt, Cécile
  • Canaud, Bernard
  • Cristol, Jean-Paul
Type
Published Article
Journal
Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (CCLM)
Publisher
Walter de Gruyter GmbH
Publication Date
Aug 01, 2006
Volume
44
Issue
8
Pages
949–954
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1515/CCLM.2006.184
Source
De Gruyter
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

Background: Controversial results on hyperhomocysteinemia and cardiovascular risk in hemodialysis (HD) could be due in part to the methodology used for homocysteine (Hcy) determination. Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the influence of the method used for Hcy determination (chromatography or immunoassay) with regard to the association of Hcy with cardiovascular mortality rate in HD patients in a 3-year prospective study. Methods: A total of 162 patients undergoing HD were included in a cohort study. Baseline Hcy levels were measured by HPLC and fluorescence polarization immunoassay (FPIA). Cysteine and cysteinylglycine were determined simultaneously with Hcy measurement by HPLC. Results: Hcy levels obtained with both methods were highly correlated (r2=0.927, p<0.0001). An increased relative risk (RR) for cardiovascular mortality (n=31) was found between the highest against lowest tertile of Hcy for both HPLC (RR 2.74, 95% CI 1.07–7.02; p<0.05) and FPIA (RR 2.76, 95% CI 0.99–7.70; p=0.05). Interestingly, increased cysteine (≥452 μmol/L) and cysteinylglycine (≥36.6μmol/L) levels were associated with a decreased RR of non-cardiovascular death (n=26) (RR 0.27, 95% CI 0.09–0.79; p=0.02) for cysteine and (RR 0.28, 95% CI 0.09–0.90; p=0.03) for cysteinylglycine when compared to the first tertile. Conclusions: This study demonstrated an increased risk of cardiovascular mortality in HD patients with Hcy values in the third tertile, independent of the method used. HPLC offers the advantage of simultaneous determination of other aminothiols that appear to be associated with non-cardiovascular mortality. Clin Chem Lab Med 2006;44:949–54.

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