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Assessment of a University-Based Outpatient Asthma Education Program for Children.

Authors
  • Wang, Ling
  • Timmer, Suzanne
  • Rosenman, Kenneth
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of pediatric health care : official publication of National Association of Pediatric Nurse Associates & Practitioners
Publication Date
Oct 16, 2019
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.pedhc.2019.09.004
PMID: 31628006
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

To assess the effect of a pediatric asthma intervention program on reducing asthma morbidity. Study eligibility criteria included aged less than 18 years and at least two office visits for asthma in the previous year. Patients were randomly assigned to either the control or intent to intervene group. The intervention included home visits and education on the basic pathophysiology of asthma, self-management techniques, modification of asthma triggers, and proper use of asthma medications by a certified nurse educator. Using simple randomization, 901 eligible pediatric patients with asthma were assigned; 458 to the control and 443 to the intent to intervene group. Of the 443 patients randomized to the intent to intervene group, 271 received the asthma education intervention. Most of the remaining 172 patients in the intent to intervene group did not receive the intervention owing to not having an appointment during the study period. Only 27 families allowed a home visit. After controlling for the difference in sex, children in the intent to intervene group had significantly less total clinic visits (incidence rate ratio [IRR] = 0.53, p < .01), and steroid bursts (IRR = 0.47, p < .01) than controls. The implementation of a pediatric asthma education program decreased both the total clinic visits and the need for steroid bursts consistent with better asthma control. We demonstrated the benefit of a dedicated asthma educator in university-based community practice and recommend this intervention be considered a standard of care for children with asthma in all health-care settings. Copyright © 2019 National Association of Pediatric Nurse Practitioners. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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