The renal sonographic findings in six cases of neonatal candidiasis and 13 cases previously reported in the literature are reviewed. Focal and diffuse parenchymal changes and obstruction due to mycetoma formation were frequent features. In the current series the sonographic changes were found to bear an inconstant relationship to the probable time of onset of the infection. In addition, apparent sonographic deterioration occurred in neonates well after adequate antifungal treatment was initiated. In view of the potential toxicity of systemic antifungal therapy, sonographic renal parenchymal changes are not considered an adequate indication for either its initiation or its continuation.