Objective: Paraplegia or paraparesis due to spinal cord ischemia is one of the complications following thoracoabdominal aortic surgery. Recent studies revealed the neuroprotective effects of (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) on a variety of neurological disorders. The purpose of this study was to determine the neuroprotective effects of EGCG following spinal cord ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI).Design: The present study was conducted on four groups of rats each as follows: Sham-operated group (laparotomy alone); Control group (with IRI); EGCGI group (50-mg/kg, i.p., before IRI), and EGCGII group (50-mg/kg, i.p., after IRI). Neurological function evaluated with motor deficit index (MDI) test. Spinal cord samples were taken 48 h after IRI and studied for determination of malodialdehyde (MDA) level, histopathology, and immunohistochemistry of caspase-3, TNF-α, and iNOS.Setting: Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.Results: The level of MDA was significantly decreased in EGCG-treated rats. Attenuated caspase-3, TNF-α, and iNOS expression could be significantly detected in the EGCG-treated rats. Also, EGCG reduced the extent of degeneration of the spinal cord neurons, in addition to a significant reduction of MDI.Conclusion: The results suggest that pre- and post-treatment with EGCG may be effective in protecting spinal cord from IRI.