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Assessment of the effects of solvents on lung function among paint industry workers in Mauritius.

Authors
  • Yarroo, Mohammad Yusuf Khan1
  • Rathebe, Phoka C1
  • 1 Department of Environmental Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa. , (South Africa)
Type
Published Article
Journal
International journal of environmental health research
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2024
Volume
34
Issue
1
Pages
138–149
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1080/09603123.2022.2134558
PMID: 36223593
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

The study aimed to determine the respiratory effects of solvents among workers in the Mauritius paint industry. A total of 388 participants were selected using simple random sampling, and were subjected to a questionnaire for data collection. Lung function test was performed using a spirometer. Multiple regression was used to analyze the relationship between hours of exposure to solvents, while adjusting for socio-demographic factors. Independent t-test was also used to identify any difference between the means of lung function tests and the two exposed groups. Male participants were found less likely exposed to solvents compared to females (AOR, 3.39, CI 1.97-5.81). Those with secondary and lower secondary education, and worked for ≤12 hours per week, had an increased likelihood of being exposed to solvents (AOR 2.95, CI 1.20-7.28) (AOR 2.48, CI 1.19-5.16). Participants who were aware of occupational hazards (AOR 0.15, CI (0.05-0.46), and have used PPE (AOR 0.14, CI 0.08-0.25) were less likely to be less exposed to solvents. This study highlights the adverse effects of workplace exposures on respiratory health among paint factory workers. .

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