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Assessment of bile fluorescence patterns in a tropical fish, Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) exposed to naphthalene, phenanthrene, pyrene and chrysene using fixed wavelength fluorescence and synchronous fluorescence spectrometry.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
1432-0800
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Volume
84
Issue
5
Pages
554–558
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s00128-010-9987-y
PMID: 20411241
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Bile fluorescence patterns in Nile tilapia, a potential fish for biomonitoring tropical water pollution were assessed following exposure to selected polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs): naphthalene, phenanthrene, pyrene and chrysene. Non-normalized fixed wavelength fluorescence signals in the fish exposed to these PAHs reflected dose and/or time response relationships of their metabolism. Normalizing signals to biliverdin introduced deviations to these response patterns. The optimal wavelength pairs (excitation/emission) for synchronous fluorescence scanning measurements of bile metabolites of naphthalene, phenanthrene, pyrene and chrysene were identified as 284/326, 252/357, 340/382 and 273/382 respectively. This study supports the use of bile fluorescence in Nile tilapia by fixed wavelength fluorescence and synchronous fluorescence spectrometry with non-normalized data as a simple method for screening bioavailability of these PAHs.

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