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Assessment of the behavior of reinforced concrete beams retrofitted with pre-stressed CFPR subjected to cyclic loading

  • Hojatkashani, Ata1
  • Zanjani, Sara2
  • 1 Islamic Azad University (South Tehran Branch), Department of Civil Engineering, Tehran, Iran , Tehran (Iran)
  • 2 Islamic Azad University (South Tehran Branch), Civil Engineering, Structural Engineering, Tehran, Iran , Tehran (Iran)
Published Article
International Journal of Advanced Structural Engineering
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Publication Date
Feb 10, 2018
DOI: 10.1007/s40091-018-0182-4
Springer Nature


Rehabilitation of weak and damaged structures has been considered widely during recent years. A relatively modern way of strengthening concrete components is to confine parts under tension and shear by means of carbon fiber reinforce polymer (CFRP). This way of strengthening due to the conditions of composite materials such as light weight, linear elastic behavior until failure point, high tensile strength, high elastic modulus, resistance against corrosion, and high fatigue resistance has become so common. During structural strengthening by means of not pre-stressed FRP materials, usually, it is not possible to benefit from the maximum capacity of FRP materials. In addition, sometimes, the expensive cost of such materials will not make a suitable balance between rates of strengthening and consuming spending. Thus, pre-stressing CFRP materials has an undeniable role in the effective use of materials. In the current research, general procedure of simulation using finite-element method (FEM) by means of the numerical package ABAQUS has been presented. In this article, 12 reinforced concrete (RC) models in two states (strengthened with simple and pre-stressed CFRP) under cycling loading have been considered. A parametric study has been carried out in this research on the effects of parameters such as CFRP surface area, percentage of tensile steel rebar and pre-stressing stress on ultimate load carrying capacity (ULCC), stiffness, and the ability of depreciation energy for the samples. In the current article also, for design parameters, percentages of tensile steel rebars, surface area of CFPR sheets, and the effective pre-stressing stress in RC beams retrofitted with pre-stressed CFPR sheets have investigated. In this paper, it was investigated that using different amount of parameters such as steel rebar percentage, CFRP surface area percentage, and CFRP pre-stressing, the resulted ULCC and energy depreciation of the specimens was observed to be increasing and decreasing. Results from examined specimens with optimum steel rebar percentage, CFRP surface area percentage, and CFRP pre-stressing which had the most enhancement on ULCC and energy depreciation are reported in the current article.

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