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Assessing the Vulnerability to Human Trafficking Amidst Migration Patterns: A Case Study of Kazakhstan

Authors
  • Khamzin, Amangeldy
  • Khamzina, Zhanna
  • Nurmanbetkyzy, Zhumakhan
  • Kenzhibekova, Elmira
  • Buribayev, Yermek
Type
Published Article
Journal
DANUBE
Publisher
Sciendo
Publication Date
Dec 01, 2023
Volume
14
Issue
4
Pages
317–334
Identifiers
DOI: 10.2478/danb-2023-0019
Source
De Gruyter
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

Kazakhstan, with its open borders with CIS nations and significant migration flows, emerges as a key origin, transit, and destination point in human trafficking. While acknowledging Kazakhstan’s modest progress in combating human trafficking, this study aims to develop comprehensive proposals for enhancing the protection of trafficking victims’ rights in Kazakhstan. It seeks to identify legal and enforcement gaps, analyze available social and legal protections, and address key issues in victim rights protection. The study aligns with the burgeoning academic discourse on human trafficking, which has significantly influenced policy and methodological approaches in estimating trafficking prevalence. It encompasses research focusing on defining human trafficking, factors contributing to its incidence, and evaluating the effectiveness of countermeasures. Addressing a relatively nascent area of research in Kazakhstan’s context, this study will enhance existing knowledge and contribute to developing effective anti-trafficking strategies within the country. The overall assessment underscores a lack of consistency in Kazakhstan’s approach to its mandate to curtail human trafficking. Despite this, the study presents a promising path forward, concluding that with the introduction of a dedicated anti-human trafficking law and strategic organizational reforms, substantial advancements could be realized to reinforce legal accountability and prevent such exploitation.

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