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Assessing the Validity of Echocardiographic Criteria for Left Ventricular Diastolic Dysfunction in Patients with Pulmonary Hypertension

Authors
  • Allison, John David
  • Zehner, Carl
  • Jia, Xiaoming
  • Hamzeh, Ihab Rafic
  • Alam, Mahboob
  • Nair, Ajith
  • Birnbaum, Yochai
Type
Published Article
Journal
Cardiology
Publisher
S. Karger AG
Publication Date
Oct 08, 2020
Volume
145
Issue
11
Pages
703–709
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1159/000510348
PMID: 33032287
Source
Karger
Keywords
License
Green
External links

Abstract

Background: In patients with pulmonary hypertension (PHT), the assessment of left ventricular (LV) diastolic function by echocardiography may not be reliable. PHT can affect Doppler parameters of LV diastolic function such as mitral inflow velocities and mitral annular velocities. The current guidelines for the assessment of LV diastolic function do not recommend specific adjustments for patients with PHT. Methods: We analyzed 36 patients from the PHT clinic that had an echocardiogram and right heart catheterization performed within 6 months of each other. Early mitral inflow velocity (E), lateral mitral annular velocity (lateral e’), septal mitral annular velocity (septal e’), tricuspid free wall annular velocity (RV e’) were measured and compared to the invasively measured intracardiac pressures including pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP), mean pulmonary artery pressure, and right ventricular end-diastolic pressure. Results: Among patients with PHT, the specificity of the septal e’ for LV diastolic dysfunction was 0.19, and the positive predictive value was 0.13 (lower than the lateral e’ or E/average e’). By receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis, the area under the curve (AUC) of lateral and septal e’ was just 0.64 (p = 0.9) and 0.53 (p = 0.6), respectively, while the AUC of average E/e’ was 0.94 (p < 0.001). The septal e’ was paradoxically lower at 6.5 ± 1.9 cm/s for normal PCWP compared to 6.9 ± 1.7 cm/s for elevated PCWP (p = 0.04). 81 versus 40% (p = 0.017) of patients with normal versus elevated PCWP had an abnormal septal e’ <7 cm/s. By linear regression, there was no correlation between the Doppler parameters of LV diastolic function and the PCWP. Conclusion: Our study suggests E/average e’ may be the only reliable tissue Doppler parameter of LV diastolic dysfunction in patients with PHT, and that septal e’ is paradoxically decreased in patients with PHT and normal left-sided filling pressures.

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