BackgroundDespite growing positive evidence supporting the potential utility of differential diagnostic generator (DDX) tools, uptake has been limited in terms of geography and settings and calls have been made to test such tools in wider routine clinical settings. This study aims to evaluate the feasibility and utility of clinical use of Isabel, an electronic DDX tool, in a United Kingdom (UK) general practice setting.MethodsMixed methods. Feasibility and utility were assessed prospectively over a 6-month period via: usage statistics, survey as well as interview data generated from clinicians before and after Isabel was available for clinical use. Normalisation process theory (NPT) was utilised as a sensitising concept in the data collection and analysis of the qualitative data.ResultsUsage was extremely limited (n = 18 searches). Most potential users did not utilise the program and of those that did (n = 6), usage was restricted and did not alter subsequent patient management. Baseline interview findings indicated some prior awareness of DDX tools and ambivalent views with regards to potential utility. Post-use interviews supported analytic data and indicated low usage due to a range of endogenous (professional) and exogenous (organisational) factors.ConclusionsIn its current form, this small exploratory study suggests that Isabel is a tool that is unlikely to be utilised on a routine basis in primary care, but may have potential utility for diagnostic support in (1) education/training and (2) rare and diagnostically complex cases.