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Assessing sleep behaviors in Latino children and adolescents: what is known, what are we missing, and how do we move forward?

  • Blanco, Estela
  • Hyde, Eric T
  • Martinez, Suzanna M
Publication Date
Feb 01, 2024
eScholarship - University of California
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Purpose of reviewSleep health is a commonly overlooked component of pediatric cardiometabolic risk. Disparities in sleep duration and meeting of pediatric sleep guidelines have been well documented among at-risk populations in the United States, including Latinos. However, sleep research often fails to describe or account for contextual and cultural factors impacting the ability for Latino families to meet guidelines. The current review focuses on recent findings related to measurement of sleep duration, understanding of contextual factors that impact sleep hygiene, and interventions designed to increase sleep duration and quality among U.S. Latino families with infants, young children, and adolescents.Recent findingsTen studies focusing on sleep health in U.S. Latino children, using different study designs were identified. Overall, cross-sectional studies confirmed inadequate sleep among Latino children, intervention studies demonstrated promise of culturally-sensitive health behavior education for improving sleep in early childhood, and qualitative studies highlighted neighborhood and cultural factors that impact sleep quality.Implications for clinical practice and researchRather than new prevalence studies on adherence to sleep recommendations among Latino families, research focusing on adapting clinical guidelines to accommodate the realities of many Latino families (e.g., co-sleeping and bedsharing) will advance our knowledge. A shift towards objective measurement of the 24-h period as well as evaluating specific contextual barriers that make It challenging to meet sleep guidelines for Latino children is needed.

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