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Assessing the role of urban green spaces for human well-being: a systematic review.

  • Jabbar, Muhammad1
  • Yusoff, Mariney Mohd2
  • Shafie, Aziz3
  • 1 University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. , (Malaysia)
  • 2 Geography Department, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. , (Malaysia)
  • 3 HOD Geography Department, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. , (Malaysia)
Published Article
Publication Date
Jul 20, 2021
DOI: 10.1007/s10708-021-10474-7
PMID: 34305268


Human has been evolving in a natural environment over a long time; thus, he is habitual to adapt it. Green spaces are obligatory landscapes in an urban structure that provide a natural environment and accelerate other life events. In contrast, unplanned urbanization, and conversion from green to grey structures have damaged natural environmental resources. Studies through different angles have highlighted the importance of urban green spaces for human well-being but now need to identify their role according to the potential. The demands of urban green spaces may differ with the change of population size, types of grey structure, urban expansion, the altitude of the place, and geographical location. Therefore, this systematic review aims to analyse the significance of urban green spaces for human well-being. The study opted for a systematic process during the selection and organization of studies for this review. After analysing, 46 studies were finalized with the consensus of three review authors. Accordingly, literature was analysed under the central theme of "Urban Green Spaces for Human Well-being." Human Well-being was assessed under six sub-themes; physical, psychological, mental, social, subjective, and environmental well-being. The review concluded that urban green spaces are the primary pillar for a sustainable urban place and human well-being due to highly positive and positive correlations. Moreover, the study did not find any demarcation line between green spaces and grey structures according to any specific need. Therefore, the study suggested that the role of urban green spaces for human well-being should be analysed according to their potential and required optimal ratio under different communities' urban specific environments and social behaviour. © The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature B.V. 2021.

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