The effects of agar, alginate, butter, olive oil, and carrots on the mechanical and rheological properties of potato puree prepared by two different cooking methods (microwave heating (MP) and boiling (BP)) were investigated and interpreted in terms of starch microstructural changes. Microscopic observations revealed more aggregated and densely concentrated starch granules in MP samples. This consequently led to a significant increase (p < / 0.05) in mechanical and rheological properties up to five times more than BP samples. All samples exhibited shear thinning non-Newtonian behavior. Butter proved its ability to maintain stiff network formation with starch molecules forming lipid-starch complexes characterized by high retention properties and increased stability due to high thixotropic and yield stress values. The pseudo-plasticity combined with high self-supporting ability (high yield stress and mechanical values) comprised by MP samples allows them to better behave during advanced technological processes such as extrusion 3D food printing.