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Ascorbate affects proliferation of guinea-pig vascular smooth muscle cells by direct and extracellular matrix-mediated effects.

Authors
  • Ivanov, V O
  • Ivanova, S V
  • Niedzwiecki, A
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of molecular and cellular cardiology
Publication Date
Dec 01, 1997
Volume
29
Issue
12
Pages
3293–3303
Identifiers
PMID: 9441835
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Proliferation of smooth muscle cells and deposition of extracellular matrix proteins are important events in the formation of atherosclerotic plaques. We have investigated the direct and matrix-mediated effects of ascorbate on the proliferation rate of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) isolated from the guinea-pig aorta. In the presence of ascorbate, cells showed a bi-phasic growth pattern. At 125 microM ascorbate, -3H--thymidine incorporation was stimulated 25%. However, higher concentrations of ascorbate gradually decreased cell-incorporated radioactivity up to 50% at 2 mM ascorbate. These effects of ascorbate on DNA synthesis in VSMC were paralleled by the changes in cell number and were not due to ascorbate cytotoxicity. Alpha-tocopherol (0.1 mM), individually and in combinations with 1 mm ascorbate, also inhibited DNA synthesis in VSMC. Ascorbate also influenced proliferation of smooth muscle cells through matrix-mediated effect. New VSMC culture plated on extracellular matrices deposited by smooth muscle cells in the presence of 0.1-1 mM ascorbate had up to 50% lower proliferation rate than on matrices from ascorbate-deficient cells, as assessed by [3H]-thymidine incorporation. This effect was independent from alpha-tocopherol and specific inhibitors of collagen synthesis: L-azetidine-2-carboxylic acid and pyridine-2,4-dicarboxylic acid. An ascorbate-dependent matrix effect was specific for smooth muscle cells grown on VSMC and human skin fibroblast-originated matrices, but not for human vascular endothelial cells. The possible involvement of ascorbate in the regulation of smooth muscle cells proliferation by its antioxidant/pro-oxidant effects and regulation of extracellular matrix composition are discussed.

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