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Arylruthenium(III) Porphyrin-Catalyzed C-H Oxidation and Epoxidation at Room Temperature and [RuV(Por)(O)(Ph)] Intermediate by Spectroscopic Analysis and Density Functional Theory Calculations.

Authors
  • Shing, Ka-Pan1
  • Cao, Bei1
  • Liu, Yungen1
  • Lee, Hung Kay2
  • Li, Ming-De1
  • Phillips, David Lee1
  • Chang, Xiao-Yong1
  • Che, Chi-Ming1, 3
  • 1 Department of Chemistry and State Key Laboratory of Synthetic Chemistry , The University of Hong Kong , Pokfulam Road , Hong Kong , China. , (China)
  • 2 Department of Chemistry , The Chinese University of Hong Kong , Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong , China. , (China)
  • 3 HKU Shenzhen Institute of Research and Innovation, Shenzhen 518053 , China. , (China)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of the American Chemical Society
Publisher
American Chemical Society
Publication Date
Jun 06, 2018
Volume
140
Issue
22
Pages
7032–7042
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1021/jacs.8b04470
PMID: 29781605
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The development of highly active and selective metal catalysts for efficient oxidation of hydrocarbons and identification of the reactive intermediates in the oxidation catalysis are long-standing challenges. In the rapid hydrocarbon oxidation catalyzed by ruthenium(IV) and -(III) porphyrins, the putative Ru(V)-oxo intermediates remain elusive. Herein we report that arylruthenium(III) porphyrins are highly active catalysts for hydrocarbon oxidation. Using catalyst [RuIII(TDCPP)(Ph)(OEt2)] (H2TDCPP = 5,10,15,20-tetrakis(2,6-dichlorophenyl)porphyrin), the oxidation of C-H bonds of various hydrocarbons with oxidant m-CPBA at room temperature gave alcohols/ketones in up to 99% yield within 1 h; use of [ nBu4N]IO4 as a mild alternative oxidant avoided formation of lactone from cyclic ketone in C-H oxidation, and the catalytic epoxidation with up to 99% yield and high selectivity (no aldehydes as side product) was accomplished within 5 min. UV-vis, electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry, resonance Raman, electron paramagnetic resonance, and kinetic measurements and density functional theory calculations lend evidence for the formation of Ru(V)-oxo intermediate [RuV(TDCPP)(O)(Ph)].

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