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Artificial combination of two cis-regulatory elements generates a unique pattern of expression in transgenic plants.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Publication Date
Volume
84
Issue
24
Pages
8986–8990
Identifiers
PMID: 3480523
Source
Medline

Abstract

We show that a 36-base-pair-long upstream fragment from the soybean hsp17.3-B gene comprising two partly overlapping heat-shock element (HSE)-like sequences can confer heat inducibility to a reporter gene in transgenic tobacco. The heat-shock response does not display organ specificity and is not affected by light. Insertion of these HSE-like elements into the pea rbcS-3A 5' flanking fragment (position -410 to +15) either at position -410 (5' to the enhancer) or at position -49 (between the enhancer and the "TATA" box) renders the transcript level of the reporter gene light-inducible and organ-specific under heat-shock conditions. These results demonstrate the possibility of generating a unique pattern of expression (e.g., light-dependent and organ-specific heat-shock response) by artificial combination of appropriate cis-acting regulatory elements. Moreover, by using the HSE-like sequences as a weak heat-inducible enhancer in the chimeric regulatory regions we uncover the function of negative elements within the pea rbcS-3A upstream region. These negative elements are responsible for a repressed transcript level in roots as well as in dark-adapted leaves. Therefore, the upstream fragment containing two HSE-like elements can be considered a useful tool to test the function of other cis-acting elements.

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