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Arrhythmogenicity of fibro-fatty infiltrations

Authors
  • De Coster, Tim
  • Claus, Piet
  • Kazbanov, Ivan
  • Haemers, Peter
  • Willems, Rik
  • Sipido, Karin R
  • Panfilov, Alexander
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2018
Source
Ghent University Institutional Archive
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown
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Abstract

The onset of cardiac arrhythmias depends on electrophysiological and structural properties of cardiac tissue. One of the most important changes leading to arrhythmias is characterised by the presence of a large number of non-excitable cells in the heart, of which the most well-known example is fibrosis. Recently, adipose tissue was put forward as another similar factor contributing to cardiac arrhythmias. Adipocytes infiltrate into cardiac tissue and produce in-excitable obstacles that interfere with myocardial conduction. However, adipose infiltrates have a different spatial texture than fibrosis. Over the course of time, adipose tissue also remodels into fibrotic tissue. In this paper we investigate the arrhythmogenic mechanisms resulting from the presence of adipose tissue in the heart using computer modelling. We use the TP06 model for human ventricular cells and study how the size and percentage of adipose infiltrates affects basic properties of wave propagation and the onset of arrhythmias under high frequency pacing in a 2D model for cardiac tissue. We show that although presence of adipose infiltrates can result in the onset of cardiac arrhythmias, its impact is less than that of fibrosis. We quantify this process and discuss how the remodelling of adipose infiltrates affects arrhythmia onset.

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