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Arousal and Executive Alterations in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).

Authors
  • Martella, Diana1
  • Aldunate, Nerea2
  • Fuentes, Luis J3
  • Sánchez-Pérez, Noelia4
  • 1 Facultad de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades, Instituto de Estudios Sociales y Humanísticos, Universidad Autónoma de Chile, Santiago, Chile. , (Chile)
  • 2 Escuela de Psicología, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile. , (Chile)
  • 3 Departamento de Psicología Básica y Metodología, Facultad de Psicología, Universidad de Murcia, Murcia, Spain. , (Spain)
  • 4 Departamento de Psicología y Sociología, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales y Humanas, Universidad de Zaragoza, Teruel, Spain. , (Spain)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Frontiers in Psychology
Publisher
Frontiers Media SA
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2020
Volume
11
Pages
1991–1991
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2020.01991
PMID: 32903419
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most common neurobehavioral disorder in childhood and can significantly affect a child's personal and social development and academic achievement. Taking into account the model of attentional networks proposed by Posner et al., the aim of the present study was to review the literature regarding two main explicative models of ADHD, i.e., the inhibition model and the cognitive-energetic model, by discussing behavioral and neurological evidence of both models and the limitations of each model. The review highlights evidence that favors the energetic model and points to an unstable arousal as a potential pathogenetic factor in ADHD. Copyright © 2020 Martella, Aldunate, Fuentes and Sánchez-Pérez.

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