Negotiating protection against poliomyelitis has been a very difficult issue in Somalia, particularly in the conflict zone of Mogadishu where most of the remaining reservoirs of wild polio are found. This article focuses on the polio eradication campaign conducted by the WHO in the danger zones of Somalia. The importance of such a campaign is accounted for in the fact that, since January, there have been 14 confirmed cases of wild polio, with 32 more cases under investigation. Hence, the international staff aimed to surpass challenges, which include noncooperation of rival clans, in order to carry out the campaign. Their success is attributable to reports that the first round of the campaign in Mogadishu achieved average coverage rates of 95% on the north side of the Green Line and 130% on the south side. If these results will continue for the rest of the scheduled national immunizations, WHO estimates that Somalia could be free of polio within 24 months.