In this research a whispering gallery mode (WGM) resonator based on vertically oriented ZnO nanorods, which were formed on silicon surface (silicon/ZnO-NRs), has been applied in the design of optical immunosensor that was dedicated for the determination of grapevine virus A-type (GVA) proteins. Vertically oriented ZnO-NRs were grown on silicon substrates by atmospheric pressure metal organic chemical vapor deposition (APMOCVD) and the silicon/ZnO-NRs structures formed were characterized by structural and optical methods. Optical characterization demonstrates that silicon/ZnO-NRs-based structures can act as 'whispering gallery mode' (WGM) resonator where quasi-whispering gallery modes (quasi-WGMs) are generated. These quasi-WGMs were experimentally observed in the visible and infrared ranges of the photoluminescence spectra. In order to design an immuno-sensing system the anti-GVA antibodies were immobilized on the surface of silicon/ZnO-NRs and in this way silicon/ZnO-NRs/anti-GVA structure was formed. The immobilization of anti-GVA antibodies and then the interaction of silicon/ZnO-NRs/anti-GVA structure with GVA proteins (GVA-antigens) resulted in an opposite shifts of the WGMs peaks in the visible range of the photoluminescence spectra observed as a defect-related photoluminescence emission of ZnO-NRs. Here designed silicon/ZnO-NRs/anti-GVA immuno-sensing structure demonstrates the sensitivity towards GVA-antigens in the concentration range of 1-200 ng/ml. Bioanalytical applicability of the silicon/ZnO-NRs-based structures in the WGMs registration mode is discussed. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.