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Application of a new optimal factorization of the SDRE method in the satellite attitude and orbit control system design with nonlinear dynamics

  • Romero, Alessandro Gerling
  • Souza, Luiz Carlos Gadelha de
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2019
Biblioteca Digital da Memória Científica do INPE
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The satellite Attitude and Orbit Control System (AOCS) can be designed with success by linear control theory if the satellite has slow angular motions and small attitude maneuver. However, for large and fast maneuvers, the linearized models are not able to represent all the perturbations due to the effects of the nonlinear terms present in the dynamics and in the actuators. Therefore, in such cases, it is expected that nonlinear control techniques yield better performance than the linear control techniques. One candidate technique for the design of AOCS control law under a large maneuver is the State-Dependent Riccati Equation (SDRE). SDRE entails factorization (that is, parameterization) of the nonlinear dynamics into the state vector and the product of a matrix-valued function that depends on the state itself. In doing so, SDRE brings the nonlinear system to a (not unique) linear structure having State-Dependent Coefficient (SDC) matrices and then it minimizes a nonlinear performance index having a quadratic-like structure. The non uniqueness of the SDC matrices creates extra degrees of freedom, which can be used to enhance controller performance; however, it poses challenges since not all SDC matrices fulfill the SDRE requirements. Moreover, regarding the satellite's kinematics, there is a plethora of options, e.g., Euler angles, Gibbs vector, Modified Rodrigues Parameters (MRPs), quaternions, etc. Once again, some kinematics formulations of the AOCS do not fulfill the SDRE requirements. In this paper, we evaluate the factorization options of SDC matrices for the AOCS exploring the requirements of the SDRE technique. Considering a Brazilian National Institute for Space Research (INPE) typical mission, in which the AOCS must stabilize a satellite in threeaxis, the application of the SDRE technique equipped with the optimal SDC matrices can yield gains in the missions. The initial results show that MRPs for kinematics provides an optimal SDC matrix. / Pages: 27-33

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