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Application of Nanostructured TiO2 in UV Photodetectors: A Review.

Authors
  • Li, Ziliang1
  • Li, Ziqing1
  • Zuo, Chaolei1
  • Fang, Xiaosheng1
  • 1 Department of Materials Science, Fudan University, Shanghai, 200433, P. R. China. , (China)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Advanced Materials
Publisher
Wiley (John Wiley & Sons)
Publication Date
Jul 01, 2022
Volume
34
Issue
28
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1002/adma.202109083
PMID: 35061927
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

As a wide-bandgap semiconductor material, titanium dioxide (TiO2 ), which possesses three crystal polymorphs (i.e., rutile, anatase, and brookite), has gained tremendous attention as a cutting-edge material for application in the environment and energy fields. Based on the strong attractiveness from its advantages such as high stability, excellent photoelectric properties, and low-cost fabrication, the construction of high-performance photodetectors (PDs) based on TiO2 nanostructures is being extensively developed. An elaborate microtopography and device configuration is the most widely used strategy to achieve efficient TiO2 -based PDs with high photoelectric performances; however, a deep understanding of all the key parameters that influence the behavior of photon-generated carriers, is also highly required to achieve improved photoelectric performances, as well as their ultimate functional applications. Herein, an in-depth illustration of the electrical and optical properties of TiO2 nanostructures in addition to the advances in the technological issues such as preparation, microdefects, p-type doping, bandgap engineering, heterojunctions, and functional applications are presented. Finally, a future outlook for TiO2 -based PDs, particularly that of further functional applications is provided. This work will systematically illustrate the fundamentals of TiO2 and shed light on the preparation of more efficient TiO2 nanostructures and heterojunctions for future photoelectric applications. © 2022 Wiley-VCH GmbH.

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