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Application of the liquid coil as an embolic material for arteriovenous malformations.

Authors
  • Kurata, A
  • Suzuki, S
  • Ozawa, H
  • Yuzawa, I
  • Yamda, M
  • Fujii, K
  • Kan, S
  • Kitahara, T
  • Ohmomo, T
  • Miyasaka, Y
Type
Published Article
Journal
Interventional neuroradiology : journal of peritherapeutic neuroradiology, surgical procedures and related neurosciences
Publication Date
Sep 30, 2005
Volume
11
Issue
3
Pages
287–295
Identifiers
PMID: 20584489
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to clarify advantages and disadvantages of platinum liquid coils as an embolic material for AVMs. During the last eight years, 50 endovascular procedures using liquid coils were conducted in our institute for 19 cases with AVMs, 15 of which were located in the eloquent area. All but one presented with haemorrhage, the exception demonstrating repeated ischemic symptoms. Only liquid coils were used as the embolic material to obliterate the nidus and feeders. In ten of the 15 patients with AVMs located in the eloquent area and one case rejecting surgery, liquid coil embolization was applied one to 11 times (average 3.5 times) to achieve decrease in size and this was then followed by radiosurgery. The remaining eight AVM patients underwent total removal after liquid coil embolization. No complications were encountered during the peri-embolization period. In all cases, the purpose of embolization was to diminish the size to facilitate radiosurgery and decrease bleeding during surgery. The liquid coil has advantages as a material for embolization of AVMs; it is non-toxic and bioinart material; it seldom occludes normal minute vascular channels; when it used in a nidus, it seldom to migrates in the venous direction, and it has good radio-opacity and offers good marking for surgery. Appropriate applications include preoperative embolization or pre-radiosurgical embolization of AVMs, especially when staged embolizations are performed to reduce risk of perfusion pressure breakthrough in patients which are large or located in the eloquent area.

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