Parents of children with cleft lip and/or palate (42 women and 35 men) participated in a study on intentions to use prenatal diagnosis of cleft by ultrasound in subsequent pregnancies. Based on the Health Belief Model (HBM) [Rosenstock, 1974], parents' cognitions on 4 factors were measured by questionnaires: "susceptibility" and "severity perceptions," "benefits" and "barriers" evaluations. Most parents perceived the defect as severe. Over-estimation of recurrence risks was predominant even among parents who had received genetic counseling. Results showed that most parents intend to utilize prenatal diagnosis but do not intend to abort an affected fetus. Subjects' reported reasons represented 3 thematic categories: cognitive (the need to know), emotional, and behavioral. Parents' intentions to diagnose and to terminate were related to the factors predicted by the HBM model. Regression analyses indicated that 38% of the variance in intentions to diagnose and 56% of the variance in intentions to terminate could be explained by the studied variables. The best predictor of both intentions was the perceived benefits of the diagnosis. Implications of these findings for genetic counseling are discussed.