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Application of dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction combined with high-performance liquid chromatography for the determination of methomyl in natural waters.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of separation science
Publication Date
Volume
30
Issue
18
Pages
3262–3267
Identifiers
PMID: 18008284
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

A new method was developed for determination of methomyl in water samples by combining a dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (DLLME) technique with HPLC-variable wavelength detection (VWD). In this extraction method, 0.50 mL of methanol (as dispersive solvent) containing 20.0 microL of tetrachloroethane (as extraction solvent) was rapidly injected by syringe into a 5.00-mL water sample containing the analyte, thereby forming a cloudy solution. After phase separation by centrifugation for 2 min at 4000 rpm, the enriched analyte in the settled phase (8 +/- 0.2 microL) was at the bottom of the conical test tube. A 5.0-microL volume of the settled phase was analyzed by HPLC-VWD. Parameters such as the nature and volume of the extraction solvent and the dispersive solvent, extraction time, and the salt concentration were optimized. Under the optimum conditions, the enrichment factor could reach 70.7 for a 5.00-mL water sample and the linear range, detection limit (S/N = 3), and precision (RSD, n = 6) were 3-5000 ng/mL, 1.0 ng/mL, and 2.6%, respectively. River and lake water samples were successfully analyzed by the proposed method. Comparison of this method with solid-phase extraction, solid-phase microextraction, and single-drop microextraction, indicates that DLLME combined with HPLC-VWD is a simple, fast, and low-cost method for the determination of methomyl, and thus has tremendous potential in trace analysis of methomyl in natural waters.

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